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Government Space Agencies (GSA)

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes. The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first. The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by developing and growing space technology. While the study of space is carried out mainly by astronomers with telescopes, the physical exploration of space is conducted both by unmanned robotic space probes and human spaceflight. While the observation of objects in space, known as astronomy, predates reliable recorded history, it was the development of large and relatively efficient rockets during the mid-twentieth century that allowed physical space exploration to become a reality. Common rationales for exploring space include advancing scientific research, national prestige, uniting different nations, ensuring the future survival of humanity, and developing military and strategic advantages against other countries


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This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration. As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability.
Six government space agencies
1. Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos) | Федеральное космическое агентство России (РФСА или Роскосмос)
2. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
3. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) |宇宙航空研究開発機構
4. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) | இந்திய விண்வெளி ஆராய்ச்சி அமைப்பு (இஸ்ரோ) | भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (ISRO)
5. China National Space Administration (CNSA) | 中国国家航天局(CNSA)
6. European Space Agency (ESA) | Agence spatiale européenne (ESA) |Europäische Weltraumorganisation (ESA)
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and all of them have a launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes. The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first. The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

List of Government Space Agencies

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows

  

Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites

   

Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites

   

Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites

   

Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites

   

Launch Capability + Operates Satellites

   

Operates Satellites

   

None Of The Above

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List of Space Agencies with Human Spaceflight Capability

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List of Space Agencies with Lunar Landing Capability

NAME

ACRONYM

COUNTRY

FOUNDED

CREWED SPACEFLIGHT

CONTROL LUNAR SURFACE

UNCREWED MOONLANDING

UNCREWED LUNAR ROVER OPERATION

SAMPLE RETURN MISSION

CREWED SAMPLE RETURN MISSION

Indian Space Research Organisation |Tamil:இந்திய விண்வெளி ஆராய்ச்சி அமைப்பு (இஸ்ரோ) | (Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)

ISRO (इसरो)

India

15 August 1969

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

NASA

United States

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Russian: Советская космическая программа (Soviet space program)

СССР

Soviet Union/Russia

Soviet union-1955-1991 Russia-1992*

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

China National Space Administration (Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)

CNSA

China

22 April 1993

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Expected and proposed future space agencies Salyut 1

NAME

ACRONYM

COUNTRY

FOUNDED

CURRENT STATUS

Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency

SLASA

Sri Lanka

Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites.
Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources from them.

African Space Agency

AfriSpace

African Union

Proposed in 2015.
AU plans to launch the agency by 2023 with a new proposed headquarter in New Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt.

Pan-Arab Space Agency

PASA

Arab League

Stalled. Proposed in 2009, at progress stage.

South American Space Agency

SASA

South America

Proposed in 2011, at progress stage

Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration. Note also that budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

COUNTRY

AGENCY

BUDGET
(in Milions of USD$)

FISCAL YEAR

United States

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

21,500

2019

China

China National Space Administration

8,400

2017

European Union

European Space Agency

6,406

2019

Germany

German Aerospace Center

4,274

2017

Russia

Russian Federal Space Agency

3,272

2015

France

French Space Agency

2,700

2017

Italy

Italian Space Agency

1,800

2016

Japan

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

1,699

2017

India

Indian Space Research Organisation

1,800

2019-20

South Korea

Korea Aerospace Research Institute

583

2016

United Kingdom

UK Space Agency

500

2017

Algeria

Algerian Space Agency

360

2015

Canada

Canadian Space Agency

246

2018

Belgium

Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium

224

2018

Spain

Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial

211

2018

Switzerland

Swiss Space Office

177

2019

Iran

Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center

139

2014-15

Netherlands

Netherlands Space Office

110

Sweden

Swedish National Space Agency

100

2011

Norway

Norwegian Space Agency

97

2014

Ukraine

State Space Agency of Ukraine

80

Austria

Austrian Space Agency

75

2018

Israel

Israel Space Agency

48

Brazil

Brazilian Space Agency

47

2018

Argentina

Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales

45

2019

Pakistan

Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission

45

2018-19

Nigeria

National Space Research and Development Agency

32.3

2019

South Africa

South African National Space Agency

11.8

2014-15

Mexico

Mexican Space Agency

8.34

Australia

Australian Space Agency

6.9

2019

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